Human biomechanics drive the foundation of the FSI Balance Foot Support line; by repositioning a person’s arch and foot, lifting weight from pressure points and balancing the entire body a person’s pain can instantly go away. Recommended by doctors, physios and osteopaths, Balance Supports have provided instant pain relief to people across the world for over twenty years.


Consisting of 26 bones, 33 joints, 112 ligaments and controlled by 21 intrinsic and 13 extrinsic muscles, the human foot is both a fixed and flexible structure. Made up of three distinct sections; forefoot, midfoot and hind foot, it provides a  structure that allows for the complex movements required for both weight bearing support, flexibility over uneven surfaces, and as a rigid lever for propulsion. One of the main functions of the foot is to provide shock absorption during walking/running and distribute that shock through various regions of the lower limbs. This distribution can vary depending on the arch of the foot. A firmer high arch will transmit more of the force through to the tibia, fibula and femur while a flat arch creates more force going into the foot directly and transmits less up to the rest of the lower limb. People with extremes at either end of the spectrum will be more prone to injury or chronic pain. Ultimatly our foot undergoes a great deal of stress to allow us freedom in our movement and is one of the first structures that will start complaining when you've been pushing it too hard.


Trauma or disease are the most likely causes of foot pain but we are all born with different feet and we all walk with slightly different styles. Each persons individual movements can sometimes create problems in not only the foot, but further up the bodies kinematic chain, from ankle to hip to back. Even the type of footwear we choose can create its own problems.

At any time there is ongoing pain or tenderness in a specific region your body is telling you that there’s a problem that needs to be addressed. Consider when you feel the pain, is it affected by weight bearing, or is it changing the way you walk? Take a look through our list of problems a foot can experience and see if you relate to any of the symptoms listed*

*The information provided is for general education purposes only and should not be used to formally diagnose a problem. Please see a licenced healthcare professional for individual advice.

Health issues

Arch Strain / Plantar Fasciitis


Ongoing heel or arch pain is generally due to inflammation and/or burning sensation due to a condition known as Plantar Fasciitis.


The plantar fascia is a broad band of tissue located along the bottom surface of the foot that runs from the heel to the forefoot. It acts as both a protection for the sole of the foot and a recoil system to help with our gait. Excessive stretching of this tissue, usually due to over-pronation (flat feet) or excessive training, causes plantar fasciitis. The inflammation often leads to pain in the heel and arch areas. The pain is usually worse in the morning when you first put weight on your foot getting out of bed or after a prolonged period of inactivity. If this condition is left untreated and strain on the arch continues, a bony protrusion may develop, known as a heel spur. It is important to treat the condition promptly before it worsens.

Treatment and Prevention

This is a very common foot condition that can be easily treated. If you suffer from arch pain or heel pain try to choose footwear with a reasonable heel, soft leather uppers, shock absorbing soles and high quality insoles. If you have medium to flat foot then an orthotic designed with proper arch support is recommended for treating the pain, no different to strapping a sore knee or elbow. The Balance range of orthotics will control over-pronation, support the arch and provide the necessary relief while the tissues are allowed to recover.

If problem persists, consult a specialist.



Metatarsalgia is a term characterized as pain under the forefoot beneath one of more of the metatarsal heads (the area just before the toes, more commonly referred to as the ball-of-the-foot), regardless of cause. The structures involved can include metatarsal bones, metatarsophalangeal joints, plantar plates, digital nerves, and soft tissues in the immediate area of the first to fifth metatarsal heads.


This is a common foot disorder with the underlying cause of metatarsalgia being the repetitive transfer of ground forces and plantar pressures to the forefoot during walking or running. This condition can affect anyone but is more common for those older than 60 years of age due to two main factors. The first is that in some individuals, the plantar fat pad atrophies with age and fails to provide the necessary cushioning when walking. Without the cushioning of the fat pad, the nerves of the foot located near the metatarsal heads are more exposed and become scarred from friction. Secondary to the loss of fat pad cushioning, or to the natural morphology of the individual, hyperplasia can occur. At the sites of the metatarsal heads, where tissue has become thin from excessive pressure, calluses evolve, also leading to compression of the nerves. Females are at higher risk than male’s but it is unclear why metatarsalgia is more common for females than males. It is theorised that it may be secondary to wearing tight fitting shoes and high heeled dress shoes, both of which create compression or excessive pressure on the metatarsal heads.

Treatment and Prevention

The first step in its treatment is to determine the cause of the pain. Many facets can be involved including the structure of the bones of your feet. The more common reason is improper fitting footwear. Footwear designed with a high, wide toe area and adequate insole cushioning is ideal for treating metatarsalgia. The high, wide toe area allows the foot to spread out while the insole reduces stress on the ball-of-the-foot. Balance Supports are designed to relieve ball-of-foot pain thanks to the inclusion of a metatarsal pad. They are constructed with the pad placed behind the ball-of-the-foot to relieve pressure and redistribute weight from the painful area to more tolerant areas. Some companies offer gel metatarsal cushions for relief but they are a very short term solution and don’t address the main issue’s. When Balance Supports are used with proper footwear, you should experience significant relief from the symptoms.

If problem persists, consult a specialist

Plantar Fasciitis

Achillies tendinitis


Achilles tendinitis is an overuse injury of the Achilles tendon; a band of tissue that connects the calf muscles at the back of the lower leg to your heel bone. It's more common in runners but can also occur in people that are required to remain standing for long periods on hard surfaces, causing high degree's of calf muscle tension to build up over time.


The development of Achillies tendinopathy is considered to be a multifactorial issue with impact from anatomical differences, biomechanical factors and overuse injuries. Excessive loading of the Achillies tendon during walking or running is considered the main pathological impetus in the development of Achillies pain. During running, as the foot contacts the ground, ground forces are transferred up through the joints and soft tissue structures in order to allow progressive dissipation of the forces being experienced by the body. Forces from the foot are transferred via the ankle to the leg, meaning the Achillies tendon and calf muscles experience higher amounts of force due to their proximity to the foot. This proximity results in loads between six to twelve times a person’s body weight, being placed upon the Achillies tendon every time your foot strikes the ground. The tendon may react to excessive loading placed upon it with either degeneration of the tendon fibres, inflammation of the paratenon sheath, which is known as Achilles paratenonitis, or a combination of both.

Treatment and Prevention

Achillies tendonitis can create chronic degenerative changes deep within the tendon, creating a cycle of injury > pain > partial recovery > re-injury, that can go on for many months.

Prevention is the best approach and the introduction of a Balance Support helps limit heel eversion and subsequent internal rotation of the lower leg. This prevents twisting of the Achilles tendon while walking, one of the main proceeding factors of an Achillies injury. Should you already have an Achillies injury then the same mechanics apply in the recovery; while your physical rehab is provided by an Osteopath/Physio, limiting heel eversion ensures minimal load is being put on the tendon throughout your day, speeding up recovery times.

If problem persists, consult a specialist



Diabetes is a serious disease that can develop from lack of insulin production in the body or due to the inability of the body’s insulin to perform its normal everyday functions. Insulin is a substance produced by the pancreas gland that helps process the food we eat and turn it into energy. Diabetes affects approximately 16 million Americans and is classified into 2 different types: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 is usually associated with juvenile diabetes and is often linked to heredity causes. Type 2, commonly referred to as adult onset diabetes, is characterized by elevated blood sugars, often in people who are overweight or have not attended to their diet properly. Many complications can be associated with diabetes. Diabetes disrupts the vascular system, affecting many areas of the body such as the eyes, kidneys, legs, and feet. People with diabetes should pay special attention to their feet.


Diabetic foot conditions develop from a combination of causes including poor circulation and neuropathy. Diabetic Neuropathy can cause insensitivity or a loss of ability to feel pain, heat, and cold. Diabetics suffering from neuropathy can develop minor cuts, scrapes, blisters, or pressure sores that they may not be aware of due to the insensitivity. If these minor injuries are left untreated, complications may result and lead to ulceration and possibly even amputation. Neuropathy can also cause deformities such as Bunions, Hammer Toes, and Charcot Feet. It is very important for diabetics to take the necessary precautions to prevent all foot related injuries. Due to the consequences of neuropathy, daily observation of the feet is critical. When a diabetic patient takes the necessary preventative footcare measures, he or she reduces the risks of serious foot conditions.

Poor Circulation

Diabetes often leads to peripheral vascular disease that inhibits a person’s blood circulation. With this condition, there is a narrowing of the arteries that frequently leads to significantly decreased circulation in the lower part of the legs and the feet. Poor circulation contributes to diabetic foot problems by reducing the amount of oxygen and nutrition supplied to the skin and other tissue, causing injuries to heal poorly. Poor circulation can also lead to swelling and dryness of the foot. Preventing foot complications is more critical for the diabetic patient because poor circulation impairs the healing process and can lead to ulcers, infection, and other serious foot conditions.

The selection of an arch support, of any kind, for those suffering from diabetes should only be done in consultation with your specialist

Heel Pain


Heel pain is a common condition in which weight bearing on the heel causes extreme discomfort.


There are two different classes of heel pain. The first is caused by over-use repetitive stress which causes pain from excessive impact on a specific area of the foot. This condition, often referred to as “heel pain syndrome,” can be triggered by a thin fat pad in the heel area, shoes with heels that are too low or from a sudden increase in activity without sufficient time to adjust to the new activity.

Treatment and Prevention

Heel pain requires a multifactorial approach. On the surface simply having additional cushioning at the heel would seem to be an obvious solution. However, heel cradles, heel cushions and other “shock absorbing” devices change the biomechanics of the body by lifting your foot up from its heel, placing additional loading on the forefoot and creating new problems. These types of solution are only a band-aid for the symptoms and not a true solution. The right footwear is a good starting point, ensuring your heels have sufficient support with a quality insole in your shoe and that the shoe itself is firm enough to support your heel. In addition, a Balance Support, providing medial posting and arch support, helps control the foots movements and will reduce over-pronation, a common biomechanical factor in the development of heel pain. Anti-inflammatorys, ice and, in extreme cases, corticosteroid injections can also be used.

If problem persists, consult a specialist



The formation of calluses is caused by an accumulation of dead skin cells that harden and thicken over an area of the foot. This callus formation is the body’s defense mechanism to protect the foot against excessive pressure and friction. Calluses are normally found on the ball-of-the-foot, the heel, and/or the inside of the big toe. Some calluses have a deep seated core known as a nucleation. This particular type of callus can be especially painful to pressure. This condition is often referred to as Intractable Plantar Keratosis.


Calluses develop because of excessive pressure at a specific area of the foot. Some common causes of callus formation are high-heeled dress shoes, shoes that are too small, obesity, abnormalities in the gait cycle (walking motion), flat feet, high arched feet, bony prominences, and the loss of the fat pad on the bottom of the foot.

Treatment and Prevention

Many people try to alleviate the pain caused by calluses by cutting or trimming them with a razor blade or knife. This is not the way to properly treat calluses, unless done by a professional. This is very dangerous and can worsen the condition resulting in unnecessary injuries. Diabetics especially should never try this type of treatment. To relieve the excessive pressure that leads to callus formation, weight should be redistributed equally with the use of an orthotic. An effective orthotic transfers pressure away from the “hot spots” or high pressured areas to allow the callus to heal. The orthotic should be made with materials that absorb shock and shear (friction) forces. Women should also steer away from wearing high-heeled shoes. As always, surgery should be the very last resort.

If problem persists, consult a specialist

Its all about Balance!

Human biomechanics drive the foundation of the FSI Balance Foot Support line; by repositioning a person’s arch and foot, lifting weight from pressure points and balancing the entire body you can walk further, run faster and pain can instantly go away. Balance Foot Supports solve problems that mainstream medicine and many other foot supports costing thousands of dollars are unable to remedy.

What is Balance Testing and why is it so important?

Because it shows that your new Balance Foot Support is correctly balancing your body weight and providing the best support possible to stand, walk, run, sit & lift better. It is critical that any orthotic you use provides instant stability.



For those in office environments or working on computer's all day, good posture is essential to ensure good back, shoulder and neck health. By keeping your feet firmly on the floor with Balance Foot Supports your body weight will naturally shift to a more upright position ensuring better posture throughout your day when seated. With a new balance & posture while seated you can solve back,shoulder and neck problems.


We've been making Foot Supports since 1995 and are one of the few companies in the world that make arch supports that can pass a balance test.


How Balance Arch Supports Help Alleviate Physical Discomfort - By Justin Price

Justin Price, MA
The BioMechanics

Justin Price, MA, is a biomechanics specialist and creator of The BioMechanics Method which provides exercise solutions for people in chronic pain. He is an IDEA International Personal Trainer of the Year and an education provider for The American Council on Exercise, PTontheNet, PTA Global, and the National Strength and Conditioning Association. Justin has also been a consultant for NBC, Newsweek, The New York Times, The LA Times, National Geographic, WebMD, Fox News, Men’s Health and Fitness, Women’s Health and Fitness, Self Magazine, Shape Magazine, Arthritis Today, the British Broadcasting Corporation, and Les Mills NZ.

How Can Balance Arch Supports Help?

It’s simple. FSI Balance Arch Supports are uniquely designed to support the arches in your feet. When the arches of your feet are supported, your entire body shifts back into alignment. All the compensations caused by overpronation can be reversed. Supporting the arches of your feet will enable your ankles and legs to rotate back out over the center of your feet, thereby reducing pressure on your feet, ankles and knees. As your knees, legs, and hips fall into better alignment your pelvis can tip back into a more normal, relaxed position. Consequently, your lower back will experience less stress. Less arch in your lower back will enable your upper back to straighten and your shoulders, neck, and head to return to their optimal position (see diagram). As you can see, FSI Balance Supports not only help align and support your feet, but they can also take stress off all the major structures of your body caused by compensation patterns. A properly aligned body can easily and effectively compete with gravity and ground reaction forces. Most importantly, good alignment translates to fewer aches and discomforts in your body.

Which Balance Arch Support Style Is Best For You?

Many people are reluctant to try arch supports because most arch support companies take a “one size fits all” approach to addressing the problem of overpronation. On the contrary, Foot Supports International understands that the type of arch support that is best for an individual depends on a great number of factors that go far beyond shoe size. The FSI Balance Support range takes into consideration the type of activity you are engaged in when you are on your feet as well as the type of shoes you want to wear with the arch support. FSI Balance Arch Supports are rigid enough to support the arches of the feet, yet fl exible enough to help dissipate ground reaction forces that are transferred back into the foot as you move about. The entire FSI Balance Arch Support line is designed to minimize the amount of space needed to fi t in your shoe to enable your foot to have enough space to spread out and function correctly.

To determine which FSI Balance Arch Support model is right for you, consider the following features and see which best suits your needs and lifestyle:
The Balance Worker

This model has a high lift. It is ideal for people who are on their feet all day, run, play sports frequently, or do heavy lifting.

The Balance Walker

This model has a medium lift which is designed for walking and everyday use.

The Balance Relaxer

This model has a low lift. It can be worn in dress shoes or boots. It also works well in slippers for relaxing after working all day.

The all-encompassing approach to designing and creating the FSI Balance Arch Support range is why people everywhere are enjoying less pain and improved performance. See for yourself how FSI Balance Arch Supports can change your life!

Do you know what type of foot you have?

Do you know your footprint can change? Do you know all the problems which can happen to you with a flat foot?


step 1

Put vaseline or any greace on the bottom of your foot

step 2

Press your foot down on a paper bag.

Now match your footprint to the diagram

Eg: If the footprint matches the flat foot image = the person has a flat foot!

Flat Foot

Over-pronation - means that arch is on the ground

Potential problems:
- Over-pronation - means that arch is on the ground

Medium Arch

Moderately flexible foot

Potential problems:
- Heel pain, metatarsalgia

High Arch

Very rigid foot arch Sits higher from ground Well defined arch, Excessive pressure to rear and front of foot.

Potential problems:
- Plantar Fasciitis, heel pain, arch strain, metatarsalgia calluses, claw toes